Garden Lavender

Are you planning to plant some lavender this season? Lavender is a lovely flower that’s pretty easy to grow if you have a little excess space and the right growing conditions. The aromatic purple flowers elevate the garden’s aesthetic, and harvested lavender may be exploited in perfumes, crafts, and pastry products.

We’ll tell you how to plant, cultivate, and harvest lavender in the garden below.

About Lavender Plants

Lavender is an herb in the mint family, including thyme, sage, and rosemary. Most people grow lavender as a garden plant for its scent and myriad culinary uses.

It has grey-green foliage and upright flower spikes in different tones of purple, white, and pink. Lavenders are partly woody plants distinguished by their square-shaped stems and evergreen leaves.

The commonly-grown lavender is the English lavender or Lavandula angustifolia.

Common Types Of Lavender

Unlike the name, not all lavenders are purple. Some crosses come in beautiful pastel colours like yellow, white, pink, rose, and violet-blue.

Lavender flowers can grow all season in some tropical climates and will usually late spring to early summer is its bloom time.

English Lavenders

English lavender is honestly from the Mediterranean region, not England. The common name arrives from its ability to grow in an English climate. The gray-green foliage and whorls of tiny flowers make this one of the loveliest lavenders in rock gardens. It’s also among the most cold-hardy types and the favourite for use in the kitchen.

Spanish Lavender

These varieties are known for pine-cone-shaped flowers and “rabbits ear” bracts and can endure extreme heat and humidity, making them perfect for southern gardeners. They are very drought tolerant and compact shrubs, and their fragrance is similar to rosemary, pine, or eucalyptus. Some Spanish lavender varieties have white or pink flowers.

French Lavender

Also called fringed lavender, this conspicuous variety is characterized by narrow, finely-toothed foliage and compact flower heads crowned by purple bracts. Although the flowers have less scent than English lavender, the fleshly leaves are more aromatic, with more pine notes. The big lavender blooms begin in late spring and continue until autumn.

Portuguese lavenders

It is also known as broadleaved lavender or spiked lavender and is native to the Mediterranean region. It has pale lilac flowers on long stems and elliptical-shaped leaves with a potent aroma reminiscent of camphor.


Lavandula x intermedia, or Lavandin, is a famous type of hybrid lavender that matches the heat tolerance of Portuguese lavender with the cold tolerance of English lavender. It has strongly fragrant flowers that vary from dark purple flowers to white. Those long, slender stems provide lavandin with a grasslike look that’s easy to manage into any perennial border. This variety flowers in mid-summer.

How To Plant Lavender?

a woman is holding a lavender potted plant in the grass.

Preparing The Plant Lavender

Start by deciding on a suitable location for your lavender garden. Plants from different lavender varieties need full sun and good drainage. Lavender favours a neutral pH of 7 and low to moderately-fertile soils. In humid or rainy climates, lavender may splendidly grow when cultivated in raised beds.

After you’ve picked a spot for your new garden of lavender, think of which varieties you want to grow. With bountiful lavender available, you can choose between different flower colours, bloom times, sizes, and hardiness. Bearing these options, the next step is designing a lavender garden design.

Factors of colour, arrangement, and balance can be incorporated when making a striking lavender garden design. The soft mauve-blue palette and lovely fragrance of lavender, as well as the buzz of bees flying over the flowers, are a divine complement to any garden. If you’re aiming for a sea of lavender, buy all of the same variety.

Proper spacing is also vital, specifically in wet or humid environments. Give it enough elbow room to accommodate flowers. Plant lavender plants 2 to 3 feet apart as they grow between 1 and 3 feet tall.

It is often suggested that you first plant small test spots to know what works best in your setting. Your local cooperative extension can guide you, as well.

In the garden, lavender makes an excellent herb along a pathway, in zone flower beds, rock gardens, around benches, or even as border steps. Every time you pass these areas, you’ll smell its pleasant aroma. No matter your garden style, there’s always room for some landscaping with lavender.

When To Plant Your Dark Purple Flowers?

Lavender is best planted in spring after the soil has warmed up to 60°F and after all danger of frost has passed.

If growing lavender in the fall, opt for larger, more established plants to guarantee their vitality through the winter, or perhaps plant them at least eight weeks before the average frost date.

How To Care for Lavender?

Lavender is adored because it’s an easy-care plant. They grow with a bit of carelessness, so if you occasionally fail to water your garden, this might be the plant for you. But they still require some TLC from you.

Base Of The Plant

Fungus and root rot are typical nuisances when growing a lavender garden. Plants that are damaged are best uprooted, but prevention is the answer. These problems are usually caused by overwatering, inadequate drainage, high humidity, and poor air circulation near the base of the plant. Choose sand or pea gravel as a groundcover rather than moisture-retaining mulch.


Lavender is a tough plant that is extremely drought-tolerant once set. Wait until the soil is dry before you water lavender. When you do water, water for a few minutes to ensure the roots get thoroughly saturated. You may forgo the watering session if you reside where it frequently rains.


Avoid fertilizing lavender or integrating manure-based composts. High nitrogen soils or fertilizers can cause less scented flowers and extra foliage growth.

The only mineral fertilizer your lavender may want is calcium (via eggshells or agricultural lime). Eggshells possess the extra value of making the soil more alkaline.

Temperature & Humidity

Protect lavender plants from severe winter breezes by planting them beside a brick wall to supply added heat and shield. In a place where the ground repeatedly thaws and freezes during winter, your lavender plants will enjoy a layer of mulch laid after the ground first freezes to cover the roots.

Another alternative for cooler climates is to cultivate lavender in a pot, placing inside in winter and outdoors in the summer. When indoors, position the pot in a south-facing window with as much light as probable. Water sporadically since the plant will be inactive at this period.

Pruning Lavender

Plants that aren’t pruned tend to become woody and sprawl, causing a hole in the middle.

Prune lavender by about one-third (1/3) of its height to promote new growth. As plants grow, the lower stems get woody. Locate the woody part of the stem and measure about 2 inches upward, then cut. Do not trim into the old wood because it will not regrow.

Clip faded flower stems back throughout the blooming season to facilitate repeat flowering.

How To Harvest Lavender

A woman picking lavender.
A primary reason lavender is precious is that its flowers keep their aroma once dried. Harvest the flowers as the buds bloom for the best drying results. Cut stems in the soft new growth in the morning, after the dew has evaporated and before the sun is at its peak. Never cut older, woody stems.

Gather into small bunches and tie them with rubber bands. Hang them upside-down in a warm spot with good air circulation until dried.

Work with your dried lavender to make lavender sachets. Lavender sachets can keep your linens or towels smelling good, hold moths and insects off, and even help you have a relaxing night. You can also utilize the dried flowers in the kitchen.

Propagating Lavender Plant

From Seed

Not all lavenders will materialize when you propagate by seed. If you are persistent in growing a unique cultivar, you’re more profitable using cuttings or branches to obtain new plants. Some appropriate varieties for initiating by seed are Lavender Lady and Munstead (English lavender types).

Lavender seeds can be planted straight in the garden soil, though they sprout much more successively when sown indoors in a seed tray. Use a light, seed-specific potting mix, and gently cover each seed with a thin layer of soil. Lavender grows faster when exposed to the sun, so don’t cover them completely.

Your lavender seedlings will be ready to transplant as soon as they bear several leaves per plant. Your first year of growth will not be exceptional but anticipate immense flowering lavender by year two.

By Softwood Cuttings

Softwood cuttings are taken from the soft, flexible ends of new growth. Softwood cuttings are abundant during spring and will root immediately, commonly within 2 to 4 weeks.

To take a softwood cutting, opt for a bright green stem on which flower buds have not yet started to develop. With a sharp, clean knife or garden shears, snip stems measuring 4 to 8 inches long, clipping just below a leaf node.

Strip all the leaves from the lower 2-3 inches and carefully scrape the skin off the bottom part of the stem on one side using a knife. Set the trimming aside as you set up the container.

Add your favourite drainage material, like tiny pebbles, gravel, coconut coir, coffee filters, or broken pottery, to a 6-inch pot, then load it with a commercial potting medium or create your mixture.

Dip the cut end of each cutting into the rooting hormone. Embed a couple of cuttings around the border of small containers of gritty compost. Ensure that the part cutting without leaves is fully implanted and that the lavender is standing up straight.

Water the compost thoroughly, then cover the entire pot with a clear polythene bag to keep the humid conditions around the cuttings.

By Hardwood Cuttings

Hardwood cuttings are brown, woody, hardy portions of the lavender plant. They can be utilized to reproduce lavender in the summer, spring, or fall.

To take a hardwood cutting, find a green growing leaf end and then follow the stem down to the brown woody part. Clip the stalk at an angle around 1 to 2 inches beneath the green softwood. Get rid of the lower foliage that extends on the woody part.

The cuttings must be approximately 4 to 6 inches long. Scour a little woody skin from the lower end and dip them in a rooting solution to have a higher success rate.

Put hardwood cuttings in a container, up to 4 inches deep. Nurture them as you did with softwood cuttings. Wait 4 to 6 weeks for them to set roots before transplanting. You can give stems a very gentle pull to see if they have begun growing roots.

Repotting Lavender

If outdoor propagating is not applicable, cultivating lavender in a ceramic, clay, or terracotta pot and shifting it around to follow the sun or even placing it indoors throughout the winter months will be most effective. Let the soil dry out between waterings.

Lavender favours growing in a cramped space. A pot that can house the root ball with a few inches to provide is the right choice; an awfully big pot will only promote extreme dampness.

See to it that your container contains enough holes at its base for good drainage. Further, you can grow lavender in a terracotta or clay pot to help absorb moisture from the soil and prevent it from becoming too watery. Use a loose, soilless mix for planting, and note that container-grown lavender will need more water than garden-cultivated plants.

A good standard is to water when you have dry soil, rinsing at the footing of the plant to reduce moisture on the green foliage.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Due to its strongly fragrant smell and undue resiliency, lavender is very resistant to pests and diseases. There are some bugs that endure the piquant smell and bitter flavour of lavender. But, pathogens can be a problem when the lavender is exposed to immense amounts of rain, humidity, or elevated irrigation.

They may develop phytophthora, which is a soil-borne fungal condition that leads to stem and root rot. Lavender can also suffer from septoria leaf spot, which is induced by a fungus and is also typically seen on tomato plants. Other common diseases are xylella, and alfalffa Mosaic Virus.

The primary pests of lavender are Septoria leaf spot, garden fleahopper, and four-lined plant bug; however, a few more little pests are also recognized, like woolly bear caterpillars, leafhoppers, tarnished plant bug, and spittlebug.

Other pests include woolly bear caterpillars and grasshoppers, though these do not cause significant damage to the plants. Grasshoppers will cause some chewing damage though only a minor amount.
A lavender field under a blue sky.

Final Thoughts

Although it’s not native to Canada, disease-resistant lavender is also a suitable green choice. Its easy-care attributes indicate that it doesn’t need any chemical aid to thrive and, once established, needs practically no watering. Provided it has enough sunlight, warmth, and well-drained soil, lavender is foolproof to grow.

If you exert the effort into growing lavender plants properly, it will reward you with numerous years of enchanting blossoms without much demand for care.

Curb Wise